Birds of Colombia

CRESTED BOBWHITE
Perdiz COMún

Colinus cristatus

This male quail is small (20-24 cm), elusive, chunky, short-tailed with a thin white bushy spiked crest on the crown. Females have brownish crests, but much shorter in length than the male. They are also generally duller, their plumage markings darker. The plumage is brown, with black and white spots on the nape, and the face and throat are white, buffy, or rufous. Iris is dark brown. Tarsus and toes are grayish yellow. It inhabits open habitats. This species is highly variable geographically, with no fewer than 20 recognized subspecies based on crest and facial coloration. It is found in gardens, forests, and crops. This quail is omnivorous feeding on seed, invertebrates, young tender leaves, and in reproduction they search for snails. The plated-shape nest is formed in the soil and covered with leaves. The female lays up to 10 eggs that are incubated for of 23 days. They are found generally in the soil in pairs or small groups. Its population is affected by hunting and pesticides.

Esta perdiz tiene una longitud entre 20-24 cm. De comportamiento esquivo. El macho tiene cresta aguda de color blanco, espalda café oscuro punteado, la nuca negra con puntos blancos y el pecho y vientre de color café claro con muchos círculos blancos. La hembra tiene la cresta de color café, tiene la coloración del cuerpo más opaca que el macho y presenta partes estriadas en la garganta de color negro. Se encuentran hasta los 3000 m de altura. Habitan en prados, bosques y áreas de cultivo. Son aves omnívoras que se alimentan de semillas, invertebrados, hojas tiernas y conchas de caracol. El nido tiene forma de platillo y es construido en suelos cubiertos de hojas. La hembra pone hasta 10 huevos que incuba por 23 días. Caminan en el suelo en parejas o grupos pequeños. Su población es afectada por la caza deportiva y por el uso de pesticidas.

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Crested Bobwhite | Perdiz Común  | Colinus cristatus


Crested Bobwhite | Perdiz Común  |
Colinus cristatus

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