Birds of Colombia

Tanager | TÁngara

A large colorful highly varied family of small to medium sized birds. Both sexes are usually the same size and weight. Some are endemic or near-endemic to the region. Brightly colored, with males being mostly red in the breeding season and females yellow-green. However, some species are black and white. Most tanagers have short, rounded wings. Use their pointed but stout bills to feed on a variety of insects, fruit, petals, and nectar. Most live in pairs or in small familial groups of three or five. Mix with other flocks. Most build cup nests on branches and some are globlular in shape with entrances by the side. May lay 3 to 5 eggs. Both sexes feed the young. Five species have ancestor ‘helpers’ to assist in feeding the young. Some live up to 10 years.

Una familia grande de aves coloridas de tamaño pequeño a mediano. Ambos sexos son del mismo tamaño y peso. Algunas endémicas o casi endémicas. De colores brillantes siendo los machos más coloridos que las hembras. Machos rojos y hembras verdes en algunas especies. Sin embargo, existen especies de colores negro y blanco. De alas cortas y redondeadas. Usan sus picos puntudos para atrapar insectos y picar fruta, principalmente bayas, pétalos y aun nectar. Se encuentran en pares en grupos familiars de 3 a 5. Se mezclan con otras especies sin problema. Construyen sus nidos de diferentes formas con entradas laterales. La hembra pone entre 3 a 5 huevos. Ambos sexos alimentan sus polluelos. Cinco especies tienen ayudantes (hijos anteriores) que cuidan y alimentan a los recién nacidos. Algunos pueden vivir hasta 10 años.

BLACK-CAPED TANAGER

Name in English: Black-caped tanager 
Name in Spanish: Tángara cabecinegra, Tángara capirotada 
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Tangara heinei 
Size/Tamaño: 5 in | 13 cm 
Status: Non endangered 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

black-caped tanager male

Male   ♂︎

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black-caped tanager female

Female ♀

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GREEN HONEYCREEPER TANAGER

Name in English: Green honeycreeper tanager
Name in Spanish: Tángara mielera, 
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Scientific Name:  Chlorophanes spiza
Size/Tamaño: 5.5 in | 14 cm
Status: Non endangered
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:
Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

green honeycreeper tanager male

MALE ♂︎

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green honeycreeper tanager female

FEMALE ♀

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BAY-HEADED TANAGER

Name in English: Bay-headed tanager
Name in Spanish: Tángara cabecirrufa
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thraupidae
Scientific Name: Tángara gyrola
Size/Tamaño: 5.0 in | 13 cm
Status: Non endangered
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes: The adult female is very similar to the male

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Bay-headed tanager male

MALE ♂︎

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Bay-headed tanager female

Female is very similar ♀

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PALM TANAGER

Name in English: Palm Tanager
Name in Spanish: Azulejo Palmero 
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Thraupis palmarum
Size/Tamaño: 6.5 in | 16 cm 
Status: Non endangered 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Palm Tanager, Azulejo palmero male

Male  ♂︎

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Tanager, Azulejo palmero male

female ♀︎

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RED RUMPED TANAGER

Name in English: Red dumped tanager
Name in Spanish: Asoma candela 
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Ramphocelus flammingerus
Size/Tamaño: 7 in | 18 cm 
Status: Non endangered 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

red-rumped tanager male

MALE ♂︎

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rufous throated tanager

Female   ♀︎

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CRIMSON-BACKED TANAGER

Name in English: Crimson-backed tanager 
Name in Spanish: Asoma terciopelo, Asoma pico de plata
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Ramphocelus dimidiatus
Size/Tamaño: 6.75 in | 17.5 cm 
Status: Non endangered 
Location: La Buitrera, Palmira, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1300 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

crimson-backed tanager male

Male  ♂︎

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crimson-backed tanager female

Female  ♀

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BLUE-GRAY TANAGER

Name in English: Blue-gray tanager 
Name in Spanish: Azulejo común
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Thraupis episcopus
Size/Tamaño: 6.5 in | 16 cm 
Status: Non endangered 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

blue-gray-tanager male

Male  ♂︎

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GOLDEN TANAGER

Name in English: Golden tanager 
Name in Spanish: Tángara dorada
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Tangara artus
Size/Tamaño: 5.25 in | 14 cm 
Status: Non endangered 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

blue-gray-tanager male

Male   ♂︎

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Female very similar♀

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SCRUB TANAGER

Name in English: Scrub tanager 
Name in Spanish: Tángara rastrojera
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Tangara vitriolina
Size/Tamaño: 5.5 in | 14 cm 
Status: Near endemic
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

scrub-tanager male

Male   ♂︎

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RUFOUS-THROATED TANAGER

Name in English: Rufous-throated tanager
Name in Spanish: Tángara barbirrufa
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Ixothraupis rufigula
Size/Tamaño: 5.0 in | 13 cm 
Status: Non endangered
Location: El Queremal, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

rufous-throated tanager male

Male  ♂︎

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SAFFRON-CROWNED TANAGER

Name in English: Saffron-crowned tanager 
Name in Spanish: Tángara cabeciamarilla
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Tangara xanthocephala
Size/Tamaño: 5 in | 13 cm 
Status: Non endangered
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Saffron-crowned tanager

Male   ♂︎

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GOLDEN-NAPED TANAGER

Name in English: Golden-naped tanager 
Name in Spanish: Tángara nuquidorada | diadema roja
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Tangara ruficervix
Size/Tamaño: 5 in | 13 cm 
Status: Non endangered
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1750 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Golden-naped tanager male

Male  ♂︎

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BLUE-WINGED MOUNTAIN TANAGER

Name in English: Blue-winged mountain tanager 
Name in Spanish: Tángara primavera
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Anisognathus somptuosus
Size/Tamaño: 7 in | 18 cm 
Status: Non endangered
Location: Dapa, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1800 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Blue-winged mountain tanager

Male  ♂︎

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SAFFRON FINCH

Name in English: Saffron finch
Name in Spanish: Canario coronado
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Sicalis flaveola
Size/Tamaño: 5.5 in | 14 cm 
Status: Non endangered
Location: Buitrera Palmira, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1300 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

saffron finch

Male   ♂︎

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saffron finch

Female ♀︎

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WHITE-LINE TANAGER

Name in English: White-line tanager 
Name in Spanish: Parlotero malcasado, Frutero chocolatero
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Tachyphonus rufus
Size/Tamaño: 7 in | 18 cm 
Status: Non endangered
Location: Dapa, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1800 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

White-line tanager male

Male   ♂︎

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white-line tanager female | parlotero malcasado | Tachyphonus Rufus

Female ♀

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BLACk-WINGED SALTATOR

Name in English: Black-winged saltator 
Name in Spanish: Saltador alinegro
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Saltator atripennis
Size/Tamaño: 8 in | 20 cm 
Status: Near endemic
Location: Dapa, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1800 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

White-line tanager male

Male   ♂︎

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STREAKED SALTATOR

Name in English: Streaked saltator 
Name in Spanish: Saltador pío-judio
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Saltator striatipectus
Size/Tamaño: 8 in | 20 cm 
Status: Near endemic
Location: Dapa, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1800 m 
Notes: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Streaked saltator, Saltador pio-judio, Saltator striatipectus

Male   ♂︎

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Yellow-BELLIED SEEDEATER

Name in English: Yellow-bellied seedeater
Name in Spanish: Espiguero capuchino
Order: Passeriformes 
Family: Thraupidae 
Scientific Name: Sporophila nigricollis
Size/Tamaño: 4.5 in | 11 cm 
Status: 
Location: Andes mountains, Llanos orientales
Altura: <2200 m
Notes: 


Photos by: Robert Oelman ©

Streaked saltator, Saltador pio-judio, Saltator striatipectus

MALE ♂︎

Streaked saltator, Saltador pio-judio, Saltator striatipectus

FEMale  ♀

Scientific Name Name in Spanish Name in English
Paroaria nigrogenis Cardenal Pantanero Masked Cardinal
Paroaria gularis Cardenal Pantanero Red-capped Cardinal
Schistochlamys melanopis Pizarrita Sabanera Black-faced Tanager
Cissopis leverianus Tangará Urraca Magpie Tanager
Conothraupis speculigera Frutero Blanco y Negro Black-and-white Tanager
Sericossypha albocristata Pollo-de-monte White-capped Tanager
Nemosia pileata Trinadora Pechiblanca Hooded Tanager
Creurgops verticalis Buscaquiches Rufo Rufous-crested Tanager
Hemispingus atropileus Hemispingus Cabecinegro Black-capped Hemispingus
Hemispingus superciliaris Hemispingus Cejiblanco Superciliaried Hemispingus
Hemispingus frontalis Hemispingus Verdoso Oleaginous Hemispingus
Hemispingus melanotis Hemispingus de Antifaz Black-eared Hemispingus
Hemispingus verticalis Hemispingus Tiznado Black-headed Hemispingus
Cnemoscopus rubrirostris Montero Piquirrojo Gray-hooded Bush Tanager
Thlypopsis fulviceps Zarcerito Encapuchado Fulvous-headed Tanager
Thlypopsis ornata Zarcerito Pechirrufo Rufous-chested Tanager
Thlypopsis sordida Zarcerito Cabeciamarillo Orange-headed Tanager
Eucometis penicillata Güicha Hormiguera Gray-headed Tanager
Tachyphonus cristatus Parlotero Crestado Flame-crested Tanager
Tachyphonus surinamus Parlotero Culiamarillo Fulvous-crested Tanager
Tachyphonus luctuosus Parlotero Aliblanco White-shouldered Tanager
Tachyphonus delatrii Parlotero Crestado Tawny-crested Tanager
Tachyphonus phoenicius Parlotero Hombrirrojo Red-shouldered Tanager
Lanio fulvus Lanio Dentado Fulvous Shrike-Tanager
Ramphocelus nigrogularis Toche Carmesí Masked Crimson Tanager
Ramphocelus carbo Toche Negro Silver-beaked Tanager
Calochaetes coccineus Toche Escarlata Vermilion Tanager
Bangsia arcaei Tangará Azul-y-oro Blue-and-gold Tanager
Bangsia melanochlamys Tangará Aurinegra Black-and-gold Tanager
Bangsia rothschildi Tangará Pechidorada Golden-chested Tanager
Bangsia edwardsi Tangará Cariazul Moss-backed Tanager
Bangsia aureocincta Tangará de Tatama Gold-ringed Tanager
Buthraupis montana Azulejo Real Hooded Mountain-Tanager
Buthraupis wetmorei Azulejo de Wetmore Masked Mountain-Tanager
Cnemathraupis eximia Azulejo Pechinegro Black-chested Mountain-Tanager
Chlorornis riefferii Clorornis Patirrojo Grass-green Tanager
Anisognathus melanogenys Tangará Serrana Santa Marta Mountain-Tanager
Anisognathus lacrymosus Tangará Lacrimosa Lachrymose Mountain-Tanager
Anisognathus igniventris Tangará Escarlata Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager
Anisognathus notabilis Tangará del Pacífico Black-chinned Mountain-Tanager
Dubusia taeniata Tangará Diadema Buff-breasted Mountain-Tanager
Iridosornis porphyrocephalus Musguerito Gargantilla Purplish-mantled Tanager
Iridosornis analis Musguerito Gorgiamarillo Yellow-throated Tanager
Iridosornis rufivertex Musguerito Paramuno Golden-crowned Tanager
Pipraeidea melanonota Viuva de Antifaz Fawn-breasted Tanager
Chlorochrysa phoenicotis Tangará Esmeralda Glistening-green Tanager
Chlorochrysa calliparaea Tangará Orejinaranja Orange-eared Tanager
Chlorochrysa nitidissima Tangará Multicolor Multicolored Tanager
Thraupis glaucocolpa Azulejo Glauco Glaucous Tanager
Thraupis cyanocephala Azulejo Montanero Blue-capped Tanager
Tangara ruficervix Tangará Nuquidorada Golden-naped Tanager
Tangara cyanoptera Tangará Encapuchada Black-headed Tanager
Tangara palmeri Tangará Platinada Gray-and-gold Tanager
Tangara cayana Tangará Triguera Burnished-buff Tanager
Tangara nigrocincta Tangará Enmascarada Masked Tanager
Tangara larvata Tangará Collareja Golden-hooded Tanager
Tangara cyanicollis Tangará Real Blue-necked Tanager
Tangara varia Tangará Manchada Dotted Tanager
Tangara guttata Tangará Pecosa Speckled Tanager
Tangara punctata Tangará Puntosa Spotted Tanager
Tangara xanthogastra Tangará Buchiamarilla Yellow-bellied Tanager
Tangara vassorii Tangará Negriazul Blue-and-black Tanager
Tangara nigroviridis Tangará Berilina Beryl-spangled Tanager
Tangara fucosa Tangará Nuquiverde Green-naped Tanager
Tangara labradorides Tangará Verdiplata Metallic-green Tanager
Tangara cyanotis Tangará Cejona Blue-browed Tanager
Tangara inornata Tangará Cenicienta Plain-colored Tanager
Tangara mexicana Tangará Turquesa Turquoise Tanager
Tangara chilensis Tangará Sietecolores Paradise Tanager
Tangara velia Tangará Culiopalina Opal-rumped Tanager
Tangara callophrys Tangará Cejiopalina Opal-crowned Tanager
Tangara lavinia Tangará Alirrufa Rufous-winged Tanager
Tangara chrysotis Tangará Pechirrufa Golden-eared Tanager
Tangara parzudakii Tangará Rubicunda Flame-faced Tanager
Tangara schrankii Tangará Carinegra Green-and-gold Tanager
Tangara johannae Tangará Bigotuda Blue-whiskered Tanager
Tangara florida Tangará Esmeralda Emerald Tanager
Tangara icterocephala Tangará Amarilla Silver-throated Tanager
Tersina viridis Azulejo Golondrina Swallow Tanager
Dacnis albiventris Dacnis Pechiblanca White-bellied Dacnis
Dacnis lineata Dacnis Carinegra Black-faced Dacnis
Dacnis flaviventer Dacnis Pechiamarilla Yellow-bellied Dacnis
Dacnis hartlaubi Dacnis Turquesa Turquoise Dacnis
Dacnis venusta Dacnis Negriazul Scarlet-thighed Dacnis
Dacnis cayana Dacnis Azul Blue Dacnis
Dacnis viguieri Dacnis Aguamarina Viridian Dacnis
Dacnis berlepschi Dacnis Pechirroja Scarlet-breasted Dacnis
Cyanerpes nitidus Mielero Pico-de-tuna Short-billed Honeycreeper
Cyanerpes lucidus Mielero Patiamarillo Shining Honeycreeper
Cyanerpes caeruleus Mielero Cerúleo Purple Honeycreeper
Cyanerpes cyaneus Mielero Patirrojo Red-legged Honeycreeper
Iridophanes pulcherrimus Mielero Opalino Golden-collared Honeycreeper
Heterospingus xanthopygius Chambergo Cejirrojo Scarlet-browed Tanager
Hemithraupis guira Pintasilgo Güira Guira Tanager
Hemithraupis flavicollis Pintasilgo Culiamarillo Yellow-backed Tanager
Chrysothlypis chrysomelas Chococito Negriamarilla Black-and-yellow Tanager
Chrysothlypis salmoni Chococito Escarlata Scarlet-and-white Tanager
Conirostrum speciosum Conirrostro Pizarra Chestnut-vented Conebill
Conirostrum leucogenys Conirrostro Orejiblanco White-eared Conebill
Conirostrum bicolor Conirrostro Manglero Bicolored Conebill
Conirostrum cinereum Conirrostro Cenizo Cinereous Conebill
Conirostrum sitticolor Conirrostro Encapuchado Blue-backed Conebill
Conirostrum albifrons Conirrostro Capirotado Capped Conebill
Conirostrum rufum Conirrostro Rufo Rufous-browed Conebill
Oreomanes fraseri Conirrostro Gigante Giant Conebill
Diglossa gloriosissima Picaflor Pechirrufo Chestnut-bellied Flowerpiercer
Diglossa lafresnayii Picaflor Lustroso Glossy Flowerpiercer
Diglossa humeralis Picaflor Negro Black Flowerpiercer
Diglossa brunneiventris Picaflor Rabiazul Black-throated Flowerpiercer
Diglossa albilatera Picaflor Flanquiblanco White-sided Flowerpiercer
Diglossa indigotica Picaflor del Chocó Indigo Flowerpiercer
Diglossa sittoides Picaflor Canela Rusty Flowerpiercer
Diglossa glauca Picaflor Ojiamarillo Deep-blue Flowerpiercer
Diglossa caerulescens Picaflor Azul Bluish Flowerpiercer
Diglossa cyanea Picaflor de Antifaz Masked Flowerpiercer
Catamblyrhynchus diadema Gorrión Afelpado Plushcap
Urothraupis stolzmanni Montero Paramuno Black-backed Bush Tanager
Phrygilus unicolor Gorrión Paramuno Plumbeous Sierra-Finch
Haplospiza rustica Gorrión Pizarra Slaty Finch
Sicalis citrina Canario Coliblanco Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch
Sicalis columbiana Canario Ribereño Orange-fronted Yellow-Finch
Sicalis flaveola Canario Coronado Saffron Finch
Sicalis luteola Canario Sabanero Grassland Yellow-Finch
Emberizoides herbicola Sabanero Coludo Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch
Volatinia jacarina Espiguero Saltarín Blue-black Grassquit
Sporophila bouvronides Espiguero de Lesson Lesson’s Seedeater
Sporophila lineola Espiguero Bigotudo Lined Seedeater
Sporophila telasco Espiguero Pechiblanco Chestnut-throated Seedeater
Sporophila castaneiventris Espiguero Buchicastaño Chestnut-bellied Seedeater
Sporophila minuta Espiguero Ladrillo Ruddy-breasted Seedeater
Sporophila funerea Arrocero Piquigrueso Thick-billed Seed-Finch
Sporophila angolensis Arrocero Buchicastaño Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch
Sporophila crassirostris Arrocero Renegrido Large-billed Seed-Finch
Sporophila corvina Espiguero Variable Variable Seedeater
Sporophila intermedia Espiguero Gris Gray Seedeater
Sporophila murallae Espiguero de Caquetá Caqueta Seedeater
Sporophila fringilloides Semillero Pechiblanco White-naped Seedeater
Sporophila luctuosa Espiguero Negriblanco Black-and-white Seedeater
Sporophila caerulescens Espiguero Collarejo Double-collared Seedeater
Sporophila schistacea Espiguero Pizarra Slate-colored Seedeater
Sporophila plumbea Espiguero Plomizo Plumbeous Seedeater
Catamenia analis Semillero Coliblanco Band-tailed Seedeater
Catamenia inornata Semillero Andino Plain-colored Seedeater
Catamenia homochroa Semillero de Páramo Paramo Seedeater
Coryphospingus pileatus Cardonero Coronirrojo Pileated Finch
Rhodospingus cruentus Pinzón Carmesí Crimson-breasted Finch
Coereba flaveola Mielero Común Bananaquit
Tiaris olivaceus Semillero Cariamarillo Yellow-faced Grassquit
Tiaris obscurus Semillero Pardo Dull-colored Grassquit
Tiaris fuliginosus Semillero Tiznado Sooty Grassquit
Tiaris bicolor Semillero Pechinegro Black-faced Grassquit
Parkerthraustes humeralis Picogordo Verdiamarillo Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak
Mitrospingus cassinii Maraquera Carisucia Dusky-faced Tanager
Rhodinocichla rosea Rosita Canora Rosy Thrush-Tanager
Saltator maximus Saltador Ajicero Buff-throated Saltator
Saltator orenocensis Saltador Cejiblanco Orinocan Saltator
Saltator coerulescens Saltador Papayero Grayish Saltator
Saltator cinctus Saltador Chusquero Masked Saltator
Saltator grossus Picogordo Pizarra Slate-colored Grosbeak