Birds of Colombia

WOODPECKERS construct HOLES FOR NESTing
CARPINTEROS CINCELAN TRONCOS PARA ANIDAR 

ORDER PICIFORMES

Family: Picidae

Birds of wooded habitats however some are only found in rocky hillside feeding on cacti. Some are solitary others in groups and could be aggressive to other birds. Feed on insects, ants, spiders, caterpillars on the trunks and branches of trees. Also, feed on bird’s eggs, small animals, and tree sap. Communicate by drumming with their beak, producing an audible reverberatory sound. Nest and roost in holes that the make in trunks of dead trees. Holes are used for nests of other species of birds. Differences between sexes are small. Walk vertically up tree trunks due to strong claws, feet, and legs. Their tongues are long and sticky to trap insects and larvae. Tongues wind around the skull through a special cavity, thereby cushioning the brain and absorbing mechanical stress.

Habitan en los bosques de densa población arbórea, algunas viven en ladera y se alimentan de cactus. Solitarias o en grupos y pueden ser agresivas con otros pájaros. Se alimentan de insectos, hormigas, arañas, larvas que aparecen en troncos y ramas. Comen huevos de otros pájaros y toman savia. Se comunican a través de sonidos altos y reverberantes producidos por sus picos. Nidan en huecos que hacen en troncos de árboles muertos o viejos. Estos son utilizados por algunas otras especies para sentar sus nidos. Caminan verticalmente en los troncos debido a sus potentes uñas, pies y patas fuertes. Sus largas lenguas enroscan el cráneo a través de una cavidad especial. Así acolchonan y protegen el cerebro de las vibraciones al picar.

 SPOT-BREASTED WOODPECKER

Name in Spanish: Carpintero buchipecoso

Size/Tamaño: 8 in | 20 cm 
Location: Valle del Cauca, Llanos Orientales, Amazonia, north of the country
Altura: <1500 m 
Status: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Spot-breasted woodpecker, Carpintero buchipecoso, Colaptes punticgula

Colaptes punctigula

Male   ♂︎

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Colaptes punctigula

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Buchipecoso
Colaptes-punctigula

ACORN WOODPECKER

Name in Spanish: Carpintero de Robles

Size/Tamaño: 7.5 in | 19 cm  
Location: The three ranges in the Andes
Altura: 1400  - 2700 m 
Status: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Acorn woodpecker, carpintero de robles, Melanerpes formicivorous

Melanerpes formicivorous

Male   ♂︎

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Acorn woodpecker, carpintero de robles, Melanerpes formicivorous

Melanerpes formicivorous

Female   ♀︎

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Acorn woodpecker
Melanerpes formicivorus

RED-CROWNED WOODPECKER

Name in Spanish: Carpintero habado

Size/Tamaño: 7 in | 18 cm 
Location: Andes and northern lowlands 
Altura: <1800 m 
Status:


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

red-crowned woodpecker, Carpintero habado, Melanerpes rubricapillus

Melanerpes rubricapillus

Male   ♂︎

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red-crowned woodpecker, Carpintero habado, Melanerpes rubricapillus

Melanerpes rubricapillus

Female   ♀︎

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red-crowned woodpecker
Melanerpes-rubricapillus

LINEATED WOODPECKER

Name in Spanish: Carpintero real

Size/Tamaño: 14 in | 35 cm 
Location: Valle del Cauca
Altura: 1000 m
Status:  


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Lineated woodpecker, Carpintero marcial, Camphephilus melanoleucus

Dryocopus lineatus

Male   ♂︎

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Dryocopus lineatus

MALE   ♂︎

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Lineated woodpecker
Dryocopus lineatus
Species of the family Picidae to photograph
Species de la familia Picidae por fotografiar 

Scientific
Name
Name in
Spanish
Name in
English
Picumnus aurifrons Carpinterito Frentidorado Bar-breasted Piculet
Picumnus pumilus Carpinterito del Orinoco Orinoco Piculet
Picumnus lafresnayi Carpinterito Barrado Lafresnaye’s Piculet
Picumnus exilis Carpinterito Capirotado Golden-spangled Piculet
Picumnus squamulatus Carpinterito Escamado Scaled Piculet
Picumnus rufiventris Carpinterito Pechirrufo Rufous-breasted Piculet
Picumnus castelnau Carpinterito Pechiblanco Plain-breasted Piculet
Picumnus olivaceus Carpinterito Oliváceo Olivaceous Piculet
Picumnus granadensis Carpinterito Punteado Grayish Piculet
Picumnus cinnamomeus Carpinterito Castaño Chestnut Piculet
Melanerpes cruentatus Carpintero Cejón Yellow-tufted Woodpecker
Melanerpes pulcher Carpintero Bonito Beautiful Woodpecker
Melanerpes pucherani Carpintero de Antifaz Black-cheeked Woodpecker
Sphyrapicus varius Carpintero Chupasavia Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Picoides fumigatus Carpintero Pardo Smoky-brown Woodpecker
Veniliornis kirkii Carpintero Culirrojo Red-rumped Woodpecker
Veniliornis passerinus Carpintero Ribereño Little Woodpecker
Veniliornis callonotus Carpintero Escarlata Scarlet-backed Woodpecker
Veniliornis dignus Carpintero Buchiamarillo Yellow-vented Woodpecker
Veniliornis nigriceps Carpintero Paramuno Bar-bellied Woodpecker
Veniliornis affinis Carpintero Embridado Red-stained Woodpecker
Veniliornis chocoensis Carpintero del Chocó Choco Woodpecker
Piculus leucolaemus Carpintero Bigotudo White-throated Woodpecker
Piculus litae Carpintero de Litá Lita Woodpecker
Piculus flavigula Carpintero Cariamarillo Yellow-throated Woodpecker
Piculus chrysochloros Carpintero Dorado Golden-green Woodpecker
Colaptes rubiginosus Carpintero Cariblanco Golden-olive Woodpecker
Colaptes rivolii Carpintero Carmesí Crimson-mantled Woodpecker
Celeus loricatus Carpintero Canelo Cinnamon Woodpecker
Celeus grammicus Carpintero Culiamarillo Scale-breasted Woodpecker
Celeus elegans Carpintero Martillo Chestnut Woodpecker
Celeus flavus Carpintero Amarillo Cream-colored Woodpecker
Celeus torquatus Carpintero Pechinegro Ringed Woodpecker
Campephilus pollens Carpintero Gigante Powerful Woodpecker
Campephilus haematogaster Carpintero Selvático Crimson-bellied Woodpecker
Campephilus rubricollis Carpintero Cuellirrojo Red-necked Woodpecker
Campephilus gayaquilensis Carpintero de Guayaquil Guayaquil Woodpecker