Birds of Colombia

EUPHONIAS | EUFONÍAS

ORDER: PASSERIFORMES 

FAMILY: Fringillidae

Euphonias are known for their constant singing and excellence in tone. Most euphonias are dark metallic blue above and bright yellow below. They have white undertails and some have light blue patches on the head and/or dark yellow underparts. They range in overall length from 9 to 11 cm (3.5 to 4.3 in). Females are olive-green all over. The Euphonia gut is physiologically adapted to digest small mistletoe berries from parasitic plants of the family Loranthaceae, which are poisonous. Euphonias defecate sticky mistletoe seeds that cling to tree branches, thus facilitating the dispersal of seed to different trees. Some species also feed on nectar and insects. They make nests with a lateral entrance. Both parents feed and raise their young. They live in subtropical or tropical moist lowland and forests, as well as heavily degraded forest areas.

Estas aves se distinguen por su constante canto y excelente tono. De color azul metálico en su parte superior y anaranjado en su parte inferior. Su tamaño oscila entre 9 a 11 cm. Las hembras son de plumaje color oliva. Están adaptadas para ingerir semillas tóxicas de matapalo, planta parásita de la familia Loranthaceae. Excretan estas semillas en forma concatenada que se adhieren a las ramas y sirven para diseminar la planta. También consumen insectos y semillas pequeñas tipo baya de las Ericaceae, Moraceae y Araceae (anturios). Sus nidos en forma de talegos presentan entrada lateral. Ambos padres cuidan de sus nidos y polluelos. Viven en zonas húmedas tropicales y en regiones deforestadas.

TICK-BILLED EUPHONIA

Name in Spanish: Eufonia gorgiamarilla

Size/Tamaño: 4.5 in | 11.5 cm 
Location: North of Colombia, central valleys and south and center Llanos Orientales
Altura: <2600 m
Status: 


Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

tick-billed euphonia

Euphonia laniirostris

Male   ♂︎

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Tick-billed euphonia

Euphonia laniirostris

Female   ♀︎

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Thick-billed Euphonia
Species of the family Fringillidae to photograph 
Species de la familia Fringillidae por fotografiar
Scientific
Name
Name in
Spanish
Name in
English
Sporagra spinescens Jilguero Andino Andean Siskin
Sporagra cucullata Jilguero Rojo Red Siskin
Sporagra magellanica Jilquero Encapuchado Hooded Siskin
Sporagra xanthogastra Jilquero Pechinegro Yellow-bellied Siskin
Astragalinus psaltria Jilguero Aliblanco Lesser Goldfinch
Euphonia plumbea Eufonia Plomiza Plumbeous Euphonia
Euphonia chlorotica Eufonia Gorgipúrpura Purple-throated Euphonia
Euphonia trinitatis Eufonia de Trinidad Trinidad Euphonia
Euphonia concinna Eufonia Frentinegra Velvet-fronted Euphonia
Euphonia saturata Eufonia Coroninaranja Orange-crowned Euphonia
Euphonia cyanocephala Eufonia Cabeciazul Golden-rumped Euphonia
Euphonia fulvicrissa Eufonia Fulva Fulvous-vented Euphonia
Euphonia chrysopasta Eufonia Verdidorada Golden-bellied Euphonia
Euphonia mesochrysa Eufonia Bronceada Bronze-green Euphonia
Euphonia minuta Eufonia Culiblanca White-vented Euphonia
Euphonia anneae Eufonia Cabecirrufa Tawny-capped Euphonia
Euphonia xanthogaster Eufonia Buchinaranja Orange-bellied Euphonia
Euphonia rufiventris Eufonia Buchirrufa Rufous-bellied Euphonia
Chlorophonia cyanea Clorofonia Verdiazul Blue-naped Chlorophonia
Chlorophonia pyrrhophrys Clorofonia Ferruginosa Chestnut-breasted Chlorophonia
Chlorophonia flavirostris Clorofonia Collareja Yellow-collared Chlorophonia