Birds of Colombia

PARROTS, PARROTLETS |  COTORRAS, LORAS, PERIQUITOS,

ORDER: Psittaciformes

FAMILY: Psittacidae

Gregarious and vocal birds seen early in the morning or late in the afternoon while flying or perching. Inhabit forests in humid lowlands. Perch silently and difficult to see during mid-day. Nest in tree cavities and in birdhouses as pets. Noisy when in groups. Possess large, powerful sharply hooked bill, stocky head, with no noticeable neck, short legs with two fingers. Most have green plumage that allows them to disappear from view in thick foliage. Can live from 6 to 10 years. 

Aves que cantan con vigor cuando vuelan o perchan. Vuelan en grupos temprano en la mañana o al atardecer. Habitan en las partes bajas en zonas húmedas. Difíciles de ver al medio día ya que perchan en silencio; y, por su color verde, se confunden con el follaje de los árboles. Nidan en huecos de troncos ya sean naturales o hecho por los carpinteros. Producen mucho ruido con su canto. Tienen picos grueso y filudos. Cabeza voluminosa y casi sin nuca. Patas cortas con dos dedos. Viven entre 6 y 10 años según la especie.

SCARLET MACAW

Name in Spanish: Guacamaya escarlata o Guacamaya bandera

Scientific Name: Ara macao
Size/Tamaño: 36 in | 90 cm 
Location: Llanos and Amazon region
Altura: < 500 m
Status:

Photos by: ©Luis A. Materón 

Scarlet Macaw, Guacamaya escarlata

Ara macao

male ♂︎

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Ara macao

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scarlet macaw
Ara macao

BLUE AND YELLOW MACAW

Name in Spanish: Guacamaya azul y amarilla

Size/Tamaño: 36 in | 90 cm
Location: Llanos and Amazon region and some areas in the north
Altura: < 1200 m
Status: 

Photos by: ©Luis A. Materón 

Blue and yellow Macaw, Guacamaya azul y amarilla

Ara ararauna

male ♂︎

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Ara ararauna

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Blue and yellow macaw
Ara ararauna

SCaRLET-fronted parakeet

Name in Spanish: Perico chocolatero, Perico frentirrojo

Size/Tamaño: 16 in | 40 cm 
Location: The three ranges in the Andes and northern mountain ranges
Altura: 500 - 2500 m
Status:

Photos by: © Luis A. Materón 

Blue and yellow Macaw, Guacamaya azul y amarilla

Psittacara wagleri

male ♂︎

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Psittacara wagleri

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scarlet-fronted parakeet
Psittacara wagleri

CHESTNUT-fronted MACAW

Name in Spanish: Guacamaya cariseca

Size/Tamaño: 18 in | 45 cm
Location: Llanos and amazons region and foothills in the Andes 
Altura: < 800 m
Status:  

Photos by: ©Luis A. Materón 

Chestnut fronted macaw, Guacamaya cariseca, Ara severus

Ara severus

male ♂︎

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Chestnut-fronted macaw

Ara severus

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chesnut-fronted-macaw
Ara severus

RED AND GREEN MACAW  

Name in Spanish: Guacamaya rojiverde

Size/Tamaño: 38 in | 95 cm 
Location: Llanos and amazons region and a few places in the north of Colombia
Altura: < 500 m
Status: 

Photos by: © Luis A. Materón 

Chestnut fronted macaw, Guacamaya cariseca, Ara severus

Ara chloropterus

male ♂︎

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Ara chloropterus

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Guaamaya rojiverde
Ara chloropterus

Bronze-winged Parrot  

Name in Spanish: Cotorra Cabecinegra, Lora Maicera

Size/Tamaño: 11 in | 28 cm 
Location: Three ranges in the Andes 
Altura: 500 - 2500 m
Status: 

Photos by: © Luis A. Materón 

bronze-winged parrot, cotorra cabecinegra

Pionus chalcopterus

male ♂︎

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Pionus chalcopterus

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Pionus chalcopterus
Pionus chalcopterus

Blue-headed Parrot  

Name in Spanish: Cotorra Cheja

Size/Tamaño: 10.9 in | 24 - 28 cm 
Location: All the humid forested regions east and west of the Andes 
Altura: <1600 m
Status: 

Photos by: © Luis A. Materón 

Pionus menstruus - cotorra cheja- blue-headed parrot

Pionus menstruus

male ♂︎

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Pionus menstruus

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Blue-headed parrot
Pionus menstruus

Spectacled parrotlet 

Name in Spanish: Periquito de Anteojos

Size/Tamaño: 4.7 in | 12 cm 
Location: Andes mountains, northeastern plains of Colombia
Altura: 200 - 1600 m
Status: 

Photos by: © Luis A. Materón 

Pionus menstruus - cotorra cheja- blue-headed parrot

Forpus conspiciatus

male ♂︎

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forpus conspiciatus

Forpus conspiciatus

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Blue-headed parrot
Species of the Psittacidae family to photograph 
Species de la familia Psittacidae por fotografiar

Scientific
Name
Name in
Spanish
Name in
English
Touit batavicus Periquito Sietecolores Lilac-tailed Parrotlet
Touit huetii Periquito Frentinegro Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet
Touit dilectissimus Periquito Alirrojo Blue-fronted Parrotlet
Touit purpuratus Periquito Zafiro Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet
Touit stictopterus Periquito Alipunteado Spot-winged Parrotlet
Bolborhynchus lineola Periquito Barrado Barred Parakeet
Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons Periquito Frentirrufo Rufous-fronted Parakeet
Brotogeris sanctithomae Periquito Cabeciamarillo Tui Parakeet
Brotogeris versicolurus Periquito Aliblanco Canary-winged Parakeet
Brotogeris jugularis Periquito Bronceado Orange-chinned Parakeet
Brotogeris cyanoptera Periquito Aliazul Cobalt-winged Parakeet
Hapalopsittaca amazonina Cotorra Montañera Rusty-faced Parrot
Hapalopsittaca fuertesi Cotorra Aliazul Indigo-winged Parrot
Pyrilia haematotis Cotorra Cabeciparda Brown-hooded Parrot
Pyrilia pulchra Cotorra Carirrosada Rose-faced Parrot
Pyrilia pyrilia Cotorra Cariamarilla Saffron-headed Parrot
Pyrilia barrabandi Cotorra Cabecinegra Orange-cheeked Parrot
Pionus fuscus Cotorra de Perijá Dusky Parrot
Pionus sordidus Cotorra Piquirroja Red-billed Parrot
Pionus tumultuosus Cotorra Gorriblanca Speckle-faced Parrot
Pionus menstruus Cotorra Cabeciazul Blue-headed Parrot
Pionus chalcopterus Cotorra Oscura Bronze-winged Parrot
Graydidascalus brachyurus Cotorra Colicorta Short-tailed Parrot
Amazona festiva Lora Festiva Festive Parrot
Amazona autumnalis Lora Frentirroja Red-lored Parrot
Amazona ochrocephala Lora Cabeciamarilla Yellow-crowned Parrot
Amazona farinosa Lora Real Mealy Parrot
Amazona amazonica Lora Amazónica Orange-winged Parrot
Amazona mercenarius Lora Andina Scaly-naped Parrot
Forpus passerinus Periquito Coliverde Green-rumped Parrotlet
Forpus xanthopterygius Periquito Azulejo Blue-winged Parrotlet
Forpus conspicillatus Periquito de Anteojos Spectacled Parrotlet
Forpus modestus Periquito Piquinegro Dusky-billed Parrotlet
Forpus coelestis Periquito Pacifico Pacific Parrotlet
Pionites melanocephalus Lora Pechiblanca Black-headed Parrot
Pionites leucogaster Lora de Vientre Blanco White-bellied Parrot
Deroptyus accipitrinus Lora Gavilana Red-fan Parrot
Pyrrhura picta Periquito Pintado Painted Parakeet
Pyrrhura viridicata Periquito de Santa Marta Santa Marta Parakeet
Pyrrhura melanura Periquito Colirrojo Maroon-tailed Parakeet
Pyrrhura calliptera Periquito Aliamarillo Brown-breasted Parakeet
Eupsittula pertinax Perico Carisucio Brown-throated Parakeet
Aratinga weddellii Perico Canoso Dusky-headed Parakeet
Orthopsittacamanilatus Guacamaya Buchirroja Red-bellied Macaw
Ara militaris Guacamaya Verde Military Macaw
Ara ambiguus Guacamaya Verdelimón Great Green Macaw
Leptosittaca branickii Perico Paramuno Golden-plumed Parakeet
Ognorhynchus icterotis Loro Orejiamarillo Yellow-eared Parrot
Thectocercus acuticaudatus Perico Frentiazul Blue-crowned Parakeet
Psittacara leucophthalmus Perico Ojiblanco White-eyed Parakeet