Birds of Colombia

Hummingbirds | colibries

One of the most diverse groups with 165 species. The most abundant number of any country of the world. Extremely small. Males’ iridescent throat feathers (gorget) reflect light. Feathers do not have any pigment but color is due to light reflection on structures similar to a prism. Sip nectar from tubular flowers with their long needle-like bills. Distinctive aerial displays. Can fly backwards, sideways, up, down, and hovering. Use unique figure-eight, rapid wing strokes and reduce bone structure. Lay the smallest eggs. Territorial. Can live from 4 to 12 years depending on the species.

Uno de los grupos más diversos con 165 especies. El mayor número de especies se encuentra en Colombia. Aves muy pequeñas y fascinantes. El cuello de los machos tienen iridicencia que hace reflejar la luz y el color debido a estructuras similares a un prisma. Sus plumas no son pigmentadas. Chupan nectar de las flores con sus picos largos y delgados. Hacen despliegues acrobáticos y pueden volar hacia atrás, arriba, abajo, a los lados y permanecer estacionados en el aire. Hacen la figura de un ocho con el movimiento de sus alas. Ponen huevos muy pequeños. Son territoriales y pueden vivir entre 4 y 12 años según la especie.

WHITE NECKED JAcOBIN

Name in English: White-necked Jacobin
Name in Spanish: Colibrí nuquiblanco
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Florisuga mellivora
Size/Tamaño: 4 in | 10 cm
Status: Non endangered
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

White-necked Jacobin,

Male   ♂︎

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Female white-necked-jacobin

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ANDEAN EMERALD

Name in English: Andean Emerald
Name in Spanish:  Amazilia Andina
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Amazilia franciae
Size/Tamaño: 3.5 in | 9 cm
Status: Near endemic
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

andean emerald male

Male   ♂︎

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Purple crowned woodnymph

Name in English: Purple crowned woodnymph
Name in Spanish:  Ninfa coronada, Zafiro coroniazul
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Thalurania colombica
Size/Tamaño: 3.5 in | 9 cm
Status: Near endemic
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

purple crowned woodnymph

Male   ♂︎

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brown violetear

Name in English: Brown violetear
Name in Spanish: Chillon Pardo
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Colibri delphinae
Size/Tamaño: 3.5 in | 9 cm
Status: 
Location: Km 18 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes: Male and female similar

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

brown violetear, Chillon pardo

Male   ♂︎

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female brown violetear

Female   ♀︎

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Rufous-Tailed

Name in English: Rufous-tailed
Name in Spanish:  Amazilia colirrufa
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Amazilia tzacatl
Size/Tamaño: 3.5 in | 8.5 cm
Status:
Location: Km 18 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Rufous-tail male

Male   ♂︎

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rufous-tailed female, amazilia colirrufa

Female   ♀︎

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BOOTED RACQUET-TAIL

Name in English: Booted racquet-tail
Name in Spanish:  Cola de raqueta
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Ocreatus underwoodii
Size/Tamaño: 4.75 in | 12 cm
Status: 
Location: Km 18 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes: Female does not have a tail

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

booted racket-tail male

Male   ♂︎

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Long-TAILED SYLPH

Name in English: Long-tailed sylph
Name in Spanish:  Silfo coliazul
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Aglaiocercus colestis
Size/Tamaño: 7 in | 18 cm
Status: 
Location: Km 18 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

long-tailed sylph male

Male   ♂︎

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BLACK-THROATED MANGO

Name in English: Black-throated mango
Name in Spanish:  Mango pechinegro
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Anthracotorax nigricollis
Size/Tamaño: 4.25 in | 11 cm
Status: 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

black throated mango

Male   ♂︎

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black throated mango

Female   ♀︎

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Purple-throated woodstar

Name in English: Purple-throated woodstar
Name in Spanish:  zumbador pechiblanco
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Calliphlox mitchelli
Size/Tamaño: 2.75 in | 7 cm
Status: Near endemic
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Purple-throated woodstar male

Male   ♂︎

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Purple-throated woodstar female

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Long-billed starthroat

Name in English: Long-billed starthroat
Name in Spanish:  Picudo coronado
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Heliomaster longirostris
Size/Tamaño: 4 in | 10 cm
Status: 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

long-billed starthroat

Male   ♂︎

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Purple-throated woodstar female

Female   ♀︎

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FAWN-BREASTED BRILLIANT

Name in English: Fawn-breasted brilliant
Name in Spanish:  Heliodoxa leonado
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Heliodoxa rubinoides
Size/Tamaño: 4 in | 10 cm
Status: 
Location: Queremal, Valle del Cauca, Altura 1450 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Fawn-breasted brilliant, heliodoxa rubinoides,Heliodoxa leonado

Male   ♂︎

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Sparkling violetear

Name in English: Sparkling violetear
Name in Spanish:  Colibrí rutilante
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Colibri coruscans
Size/Tamaño: 4.75 in | 12 cm
Status: 
Location: Km 26 Carretera al Mar, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 1750 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

Sparkling violetear, Colibrí rutilante, Sparkling violetear | Colibrí rutilant | Colibri coruscans

Male   ♂︎

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Green HERMIT

Name in English: Green hermit
Name in Spanish:  Ermitaño verde
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Phaethornis guy
Size/Tamaño: 4.25 in | 11 cm
Status: 
Location: Queremal, Valle del Cauca, 
Altura 800 - 2700 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

green-hermit

Male   ♂︎

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BLUE-HEADED SAPPHIRE

Name in English: Blue-headed sapphire
Name in Spanish: Zafiro cabeciazul
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Scientific Name: Hylocharis grayi
Size/Tamaño: 3.5 in | 9 cm
Status: 
Location: In dry and semi dry valleys in the Andes
Altura: 600 - 2300 m
Notes:

Photos by: Luis A. Materón ©

green-hermit

Male   ♂︎

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ORDER APODIFORMES 
FAMILY TROCHILIDAe - FAMILIA TROCHILIDAE

Species of the family Trochilidae to photograph 
Species de la familia Trochilidae por fotografiar

Scientific
Name
Name in
Spanish
Name in
English
Topaza
pyra
Topacio Fúlgido Fiery Topaz
Florisuga mellivora Colibrí Nuquiblanco White-necked Jacobin
Eutoxeres aquila Pico-de-hoz Coliverde White-tipped Sicklebill
Eutoxeres condamini Pico-de-hoz Colicanelo Buff-tailed Sicklebill
Glaucis aeneus Ermitaño Bronceado Bronzy Hermit
Glaucis hirsutus Ermitaño Canelo Rufous-breasted Hermit
Threnetes ruckeri Ermitaño Barbudo Band-tailed Barbthroat
Threnetes leucurus Ermitaño Coliblanco Pale-tailed Barbthroat
Phaethornis rupurumii Ermitaño Orinocense Streak-throated Hermit
Phaethornis atrimentalis Ermitaño Gorginegro Black-throated Hermit
Phaethornis striigularis Ermitaño Gorgirrayado Stripe-throated Hermit
Phaethornis griseogularis Ermitaño Gorgigrís Gray-chinned Hermit
Phaethornis ruber Ermitaño Rojizo Reddish Hermit
Phaethornis augusti Ermitaño Gris Sooty-capped Hermit
Phaethornis anthophilus Ermitaño Carinegro Pale-bellied Hermit
Phaethornis hispidus Ermitaño Barbiblanco White-bearded Hermit
Phaethornis yaruqui Ermitaño del Pacífico White-whiskered Hermit
Phaethornis guy Ermitaño Verde Green Hermit
Phaethornis syrmatophorus Ermitaño Leonado Tawny-bellied Hermit
Phaethornis bourcieri Ermitaño Piquirrecto Straight-billed Hermit
Phaethornis longirostris Ermitaño Colilargo Long-billed Hermit
Phaethornis malaris Ermitaño Piquigrande Great-billed Hermit
Doryfera ludovicae Pico-de-lanza Frentiverde Green-fronted Lancebill
Doryfera johannae Pico-de-lanza Frentiazul Blue-fronted Lancebill
Schistes geoffroyi Colibrí Piquicuña Wedge-billed Hummingbird
Colibri delphinae Colibrí Pardo Brown Violetear
Colibri thalassinus Colibrí Verdemar Green Violetear
Colibri coruscans Colibrí Chillón Sparkling Violetear
Androdon aequatorialis Colibrí Piquidentado Tooth-billed Hummingbird
Heliothryx barroti Hada Coliblanca Purple-crowned Fairy
Heliothryx auritus Hada Oriental Black-eared Fairy
Polytmus guainumbi Colibrí Llanero White-tailed Goldenthroat
Polytmus theresiae Colibrí Coliverde Green-tailed Goldenthroat
Chrysolampis mosquitus Colibrí Rubitopacio Ruby-topaz Hummingbird
Anthracothorax prevostii Mango Pechiverde Green-breasted Mango
Anthracothorax nigricollis Mango Pechinegro Black-throated Mango
Heliangelus mavors Ángel Gorginaranja Orange-throated Sunangel
Heliangelus amethysticollis Ángel Gorgiamatista Amethyst throated Sunangel
Heliangelus strophianus Ángel Nariñense Gorgeted Sunangel
Heliangelus exortis Ángel Gorgiturmalina Tourmaline Sunangel
Heliangelus zusii Ángel de Bogotá Bogota Sunangel
Discosura popelairii Cola-de-lira Guamero Wire-crested Thorntail
Discosura conversii Cola-de-lira Verde Green Thorntail
Discosura langsdorffi Cola-de-lira Tronador Black-bellied Thorntail
Discosura longicaudus Cola-de-lira Raqueta Racket-tailed Coquette
Lophornis delattrei Coqueta Crestada Rufous-crested Coquette
Lophornis stictolophus Coqueta Coronada Spangled Coquette
Lophornis chalybeus Coqueta Festiva Festive Coquette
Phlogophilus hemileucurus Colibrí Ecuatoriano Ecuadorian Piedtail
Adelomyia melanogenys Colibrí Pechipunteado Speckled Hummingbird
Anthocephala floriceps Colibrí Cabecicastaño Blossomcrown
Aglaiocercus kingii Cometa Verdiazul Long-tailed Sylph
Aglaiocercus coelestis Cometa Colivioleta Violet-tailed Sylph
Oreotrochilus chimborazo Colibrí del Chimborazo Ecuadorian Hillstar
Opisthoprora euryptera Piquilezna Montañero Mountain Avocetbill
Lesbia victoriae Cometa Colinegro Black-tailed Trainbearer
Lesbia nuna Cometa Coliverde Green-tailed Trainbearer
Ramphomicron dorsale Picoespina Dorsinegro Black-backed Thornbill
Ramphomicron microrhynchum Picoespina Dorsimorado Purple-backed Thornbill
Chalcostigma ruficeps Pico Espina de Frente Roja Rufous-capped Thornbill
Chalcostigma stanleyi Pico Espina Violeta Blue-mantled Thornbill
Chalcostigma heteropogon Picoespina Bronceado Bronze-tailed Thornbill
Chalcostigma herrani Picoespina Arcoiris Rainbow-bearded Thornbill
Oxypogon stuebelii Barbudito Canelo Buffy Helmetcrest
Oxypogon cyanolaemus Barbudito Azul Blue-bearded Helmetcrest
Oxypogon guerinii Barbudito Verde Green-bearded Helmetcrest
Metallura tyrianthina Metalura Colirroja Tyrian Metaltail
Metallura iracunda Metalura de Perijá Perija Metaltail
Metallura williami Metalura Verde Viridian Metaltail
Haplophaedia aureliae Calzoncitos Verdoso Greenish Puffleg
Haplophaedia lugens Calzoncitos del Pacífico Hoary Puffleg
Eriocnemis isabellae Zamarrito del Pinche Gorgeted Puffleg
Eriocnemis vestita Calzoncitos Reluciente Glowing Puffleg
Eriocnemis derbyi Calzoncitos Piernioscuro Black-thighed Puffleg
Eriocnemis godini Calzoncitos Gorgiturquesa Turquoise-throated Puffleg
Eriocnemis cupreoventris Calzoncitos Cobrizo Coppery-bellied Puffleg
Eriocnemis luciani Calzoncitos Colilargo Sapphire-vented Puffleg
Eriocnemis mosquera Calzoncitos Áureo Golden-breasted Puffleg
Eriocnemis mirabilis Calzoncitos de Munchique Colorful Puffleg
Eriocnemis aline Calzoncitos Diminuto Emerald-bellied Puffleg
Aglaeactis cupripennis Colibrí Paramuno Shining Sunbeam
Coeligena coeligena Inca Bronceado Bronzy Inca
Coeligena wilsoni Inca Pardo Brown Inca
Coeligena prunellei Inca Negro Black Inca
Coeligena torquata Inca Collarejo Collared Inca
Coeligena phalerata Inca Coliblanco White-tailed Starfrontlet
Coeligena orina Inca Oscuro Dusky Starfrontlet
Coeligena lutetiae Inca Galoneado Buff-winged Starfrontlet
Coeligena bonapartei Inca Buchidorado Golden-bellied Starfrontlet
Coeligena helianthea Inca Buchirrosado Blue-throated Starfrontlet
Lafresnaya lafresnayi Colibrí Aterciopelado Mountain Velvetbreast
Ensifera ensifera Colibrí Picoespada Sword-billed Hummingbird
Pterophanes cyanopterus Alizafiro Grande Great Sapphirewing
Boissonneaua flavescens Colibrí Chupasavia Buff-tailed Coronet
Boissonneaua matthewsii Colibrí Pechicastaño Chestnut-breasted Coronet
Boissonneaua jardini Colibrí Sietecolores Velvet-purple Coronet
Ocreatus underwoodii Cola-de-raqueta Pierniblanco Booted Racket-tail
Urochroa bougueri Colibrí Nagüiblanco White-tailed Hillstar
Urosticte benjamini Colibrí de Gargantilla Purple-bibbed Whitetip
Urosticte ruficrissa Colibrí Culirrufo Rufous-vented Whitetip
Heliodoxa gularis Diamante de Napo Pink-throated Brilliant
Heliodoxa schreibersii Diamante Barbinegro Black-throated Brilliant
Heliodoxa aurescens Diamante Pechicastaño Gould’s Jewelfront
Heliodoxa rubinoides Diamante Pechigamuza Fawn-breasted Brilliant
Heliodoxa jacula Diamante Frentiverde Green-crowned Brilliant
Heliodoxa imperatrix Diamante Emperador Empress Brilliant
Heliodoxa leadbeateri Diamante Coronado Violet-fronted Brilliant
Patagona gigas Colibrí Gigante Giant Hummingbird
Sternoclyta cyanopectus Colibrí Grande de Cola Oliva Violet-chested Hummingbird
Heliomaster longirostris Picudo Gorgiestrella Long-billed Starthroat
Heliomaster furcifer Picudo Buchiazul Blue-tufted Starthroat
Chaetocercus mulsant Rumbito Buchiblanco White-bellied Woodstar
Chaetocercus bombus Rumbito Chico Little Woodstar
Chaetocercus heliodor Rumbito Diminuto Gorgeted Woodstar
Chaetocercus astreans Rumbito de Santa Marta Santa Marta Woodstar
Chaetocercus jourdanii Rumbito Colirrufo Rufous-shafted Woodstar
Calliphlox amethystina Rumbito Amatista Amethyst Woodstar
Calliphlox mitchellii Rumbito Pechiblanco Purple-throated Woodstar
Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus Esmeralda Occidental Western Emerald
Chlorostilbon gibsoni Esmeralda Piquiroja Red-billed Emerald
Chlorostilbon mellisugus Esmeralda Coliazul Blue-tailed Emerald
Chlorostilbon olivaresi Esmeralda de Chiribiquete Chiribiquete Emerald
Chlorostilbon russatus Esmeralda Cobriza Coppery Emerald
Chlorostilbon stenurus Esmeralda Colifina Narrow-tailed Emerald
Chlorostilbon poortmani Esmeralda Rabicorta Short-tailed Emerald
Chlorestes notata Zafiro Gorgiazul Blue-chinned Sapphire
Klais guimeti Colibrí Cabecivioleta Violet-headed Hummingbird
Phaeochroa cuvierii Colibrí Pechiescamado Scaly-breasted Hummingbird
Campylopterus largipennis Ala-de-sable Pechigrís Gray-breasted Sabrewing
Campylopterus falcatus Ala-de-sable Lazulita Lazuline Sabrewing
Campylopterus phainopeplus Ala-de-sable de Santa Marta Santa Marta Sabrewing
Campylopterus villaviscensio Ala-de-sable del Napo Napo Sabrewing
Chalybura buffonii Colibrí de Buffon White-vented Plumeleteer
Chalybura urochrysia Colibrí Colibronceado Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer
Thalurania colombica Ninfa Coronada Crowned Woodnymph
Thalurania furcata Ninfa Morada Fork-tailed Woodnymph
Taphrospilus hypostictus Colibrí Grande Oliva Many-spotted Hummingbird
Leucippus fallax Colibrí Anteado Buffy Hummingbird
Leucippus chlorocercus Colibrí Moteado Olive-spotted Hummingbird
Amazilia tzacatl Amazilia Colirrufa Rufous-tailed Hummingbird
Amazilia castaneiventris Amazilia Buchicastaña Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird
Amazilia versicolor Amazilia Pechiblanca Versicolored Emerald
Amaziliafranciae Amazilia Andina Andean Emerald
Amaziliafimbriata Amazilia Buchiblanca Glittering-throated Emerald
Amazilia amabilis Amazilia Pechiazul Blue-chested Hummingbird
Amazilia rosenbergi Amazilia del Chocó Purple-chested Hummingbird
Amazilia saucerrottei Amazilia Coliazul Steely-vented Hummingbird
Amazilia cyanifrons Amazilia Frentiazul Indigo-capped Hummingbird
Amazilia edward Amazilia de Edward Snowy-bellied Hummingbird
Amazilia viridigaster Amazilia Colimorada Green-bellied Hummingbird
Chrysuronia oenone Zafiro Colidorado Golden-tailed Sapphire
Goethalsia bella Colibrí del Pirré Pirre Hummingbird
Goldmania violiceps Colibrí de Goldman Violet-capped Hummingbird
Lepidopyga coeruleogularis Colibrí Zafirino Sapphire-throated Hummingbird
Lepidopyga lilliae Colibrí Manglero Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird
Lepidopyga goudoti Colibrí de Goudot Shining-green Hummingbird
Damophila julie Colibrí Pechiverde Violet-bellied Hummingbird
Hylocharis eliciae Zafiro Gorgiazul Blue-throated Goldentail
Hylocharis sapphirina Zafiro Barbirrufo Rufous-throated Sapphire
Hylocharis cyanus Zafiro Gorgiblanco White-chinned Sapphire
Hylocharis humboldtii Zafiro de Humboldt Humboldt’s Sapphire
Hylocharis grayi Zafiro Cabeciazul Blue-headed Sapphire
Archilochus colubris Colibrí Gorgirrubí Ruby-throated Hummingbird